CHLORINATION


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<emphasis role="bold">CHLORINATION</emphasis>
<emphasis role="bold">CHLORINATION</emphasis>Chlorine is the most widely used chemical for the disinfection of wastewater. It can be applied either as gaseous chlorine (elemental chlorine, Cl 2), a hypochlorite compound, or as chlorine dioxide.
<emphasis role="bold">Chemistry of Chlorine as a Disinfectant</emphasis> When chlorine is added to water or wastewater, hydrolysis occurs, and a mixture of hypochlorous acid and hydrochloric acid is formed. The reaction (
Citation
Water Environment Federation: Design of Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants: WEF Manual of Practice No. 8 ASCE Manuals and Reports on Engineering Practice No. 76, Fifth Edition. CHLORINATION, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2010), AccessEngineering Export