# Mobile Communications Engineering: Theory and Applications, Second Edition

by: William C. Y. Lee

**Abstract:**From one of the field’s foremost educators, here is the classic guide to mobile communication - fully revised for the 1990s and beyond. It is unique because it shows readers how to understand the differences in applying technologies between wireline communications and wireless communications. The new second edition extensively updates the basics. It also coves traffic and capacity analysis on mobile communications networks and addresses rapidly expanding new technologies, such as digital cellular, PCS, and multiple access techniques not only including FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, and SDMA, but also applying the techniques on the virtual channels.

Full details

## Table of Contents

**A.**Other McGraw-Hill Telecommunications Books of Interest**B.**Preface**C.**Acknowledgments**I.**Introduction**2.**The Mobile-Radio Signal Environment**3.**Statistical Communications Theory**4.**Path Loss over Flat Terrain**5.**Path Loss over Hilly Terrain and General Methods of Prediction**6.**Effects of System RF Design on Propagation**7.**Received-Signal Envelope Characteristics**8.**Received-Signal Phase Characteristics**9.**Modulation Technology**10.**Diversity Schemes**11.**Combining Technology**12.**Signal Processes**13.**Interference Problems**14.**Signal-Error Analysis versus System Performance**15.**Voice-Quality Analysis versus System Performance**16.**Multiple-Access (MA) Schemes**17.**Clarification of the Concepts of Sensitive Topics**18.**New Concepts**19.**Military Mobile Communications**A.**About the Author

## Tools & Media

## Expanded Table of Contents

**A.**Other McGraw-Hill Telecommunications Books of Interest**B.**Preface**C.**Acknowledgments**I.**Introduction**2.**The Mobile-Radio Signal Environment**3.**Statistical Communications Theory- The Statistical Approach
- Averages
- Ergodic Processes
- Cumulative Probability Distribution (CPD)
- Probability Density Function (PDF)
- Useful Probability Density Functions
- Level-Crossing Rate (LCR) [ 4]
- Duration of Fades
- Correlation Functions
- Power Spectral Density and Continuous Spectral Density
- Sampling Distributions
- Confidence Intervals
- Error Probability
- Impulse Response Measurements
- Equalizers
- Problem Exercises

**4.**Path Loss over Flat Terrain- Predicting Path Loss by the Model-Analysis Method
- Propagation Loss—Over Smooth Terrain
- Propagation Loss—Over Rough Terrain
- Two-Wave Model [ 6]—Explaining Mobile Radio Path Loss and Antenna Height Effects
- Rules for Calculating Average Signal Strength (Local Mean)
- Models for Predicting Propagation-Path Loss
- Problem Exercises

**5.**Path Loss over Hilly Terrain and General Methods of Prediction- Path-Loss Predictions Based on Model Analysis
- Diffraction Loss
- Diffraction Loss over Rounded Hills
- Path-Clearance Criteria
- Lee’s Macrocell Model
- Lee’s Microcell Model [ 28]
- Inbuilding Prediction Models [ 29]
- Effects on Field-Strength Prediction
- Signal-Threshold Prediction
- Signal-Coverage-Area Prediction
- Wideband Signal Propagation
- Problem Exercises

**6.**Effects of System RF Design on Propagation**7.**Received-Signal Envelope Characteristics- Short-Term versus Long-Term Fading
- Model Analysis of Short-Term Fading [ 2]
- Cumulative Probability Distribution (CPD)
- Level-Crossing Rate (LCR) [ 3]
- Calculating the Average Duration of Fades [ 3]
- Envelope Correlation of the Mobile Received Signal Based on Time Separation
- Envelope Correlation of the Mobile Received Signal Based on Time and Space Separation [ 11]
- Envelope Correlation of the Mobile Received Signal Based on Frequency and Time Separation
- Envelope Correlation of the Base-Station Received Signal Based on Space Separation [ 19]
- Power-Spectrum Analysis [ 21]
- Problem Exercises

**8.**Received-Signal Phase Characteristics**9.**Modulation Technology- System Application
- FM for Mobile Radio
- Digital Modulation
- Constant Envelope Modulation
- Nonconstant Envelope Modulation
- OFDM Modem
- Spread-Spectrum Systems
- Frequency-Hopped Differential Phase-Shift Keying (FH-DPSK) Systems
- Error Rate and System Efficiency of an FH-DPSK System
- Spectrum Efficiency and Number of Channels Per Cell
- Spread Spectrum Modulation—Direct Sequence (DS) [ 27]
- Correlators and rake receivers
- Modified Single-Sideband (SSB) System
- Problem Exercises

**10.**Diversity Schemes**11.**Combining Technology- Combining Techniques for Macroscopic Diversity
- Combining Techniques for Microscopic Diversity
- Predetection and Postdetection Combining
- Selective Diversity Combining
- Switched Combining
- Maximal-Ratio Combining
- Equal-Gain Combining
- Feed-Combining Techniques
- Feed-Forward Combining
- Feedback Combining [ 13] (Granlund Combiner)
- Combining Techniques for Multibranched Antenna Arrays
- Reducing Time Delay Spread by Diversity Combining
- Problem Exercises

**12.**Signal Processes**13.**Interference Problems**14.**Signal-Error Analysis versus System Performance- System and Signaling Criteria
- Linear Block Code
- Convolutional Code
- Trellis Coded Modulation (TCM) [ 12, 13, 14]
- Types of Signaling Errors
- Bit-Error Analysis Based on the M-Branch Maximal-Ratio Combiner
- Effects of Fading on Word-Error Rate
- Error Reduction Based on Majority-Voting Processes
- Bit-Error Analysis Based on Correlated Signals
- Irreducible Error Rate Due to Random FM
- Irreducible Error Rate Due to Frequency-Selective Fading
- Error Probability for Incoherent Matched-Filter Receivers
- Error Probability for Differentially Coherent Receivers
- Problem Exercises

**15.**Voice-Quality Analysis versus System Performance**16.**Multiple-Access (MA) Schemes- Introduction
- The Noise-Limited Environment
- The Interference-Limited Environment
- Comparison of Radio Capacity Between FDMA, TDMA, and CDMA
- Processing Gain (P.G.)
- Ambient Noise in Cellular and PCS Bands and Its Impact on the CDMA System Capacity and Coverage [ 6]
- Limits of Interference Cancellation for CDMA Systems [ 11]
- Multiple-Access Schemes on Virtual Channels
- Mobile Satellite Systems
- Nature of Cochannel Interference in a SDMA System
- The Requirement of Alien-Interference Tolerance
- Problem Exercises

**17.**Clarification of the Concepts of Sensitive Topics- The Motivation for Writing This Chapter
- Research Direction in the 1960s
- AWGN Channels
- Mobile Radio Fading Model
- Effect of the Height of an Antenna
- The Difference between Path Loss Prediction and Local Mean Prediction
- Combined Signal Diversity
- Antenna Height Gain and Diversity Gain
- Time Delay Spread Δ
- Noise Figure (NF) Issues
- Power-Limited and Bandwidth-Limited Systems
- Mobile and Portable Coverage
- Ray-Tracing and Building-Block Approach
- Coding Scheme and Variable Burst-Error Intervals
- Antenna Downtilt
- Intermodulation
- Mobile Location
- Angle Spread with Antenna Height and Its Application
- Problem Exercises

**18.**New Concepts**19.**Military Mobile Communications**A.**About the Author

**Book Details**

**Title: **Mobile Communications Engineering: Theory and Applications, Second Edition

**Publisher: **McGraw-Hill: New York, San Francisco, Washington, D.C., Auckland, Bogotá, Caracas, Lisbon, London, Madrid, Mexico City, Milan, Montreal, New Delhi, San Juan, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto

**Copyright / Pub. Date: **1998, 1982 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

**ISBN: **9780070371033

**Authors:****William C. Y. Lee** is the author of this McGraw-Hill Professional publication.

**Description: **
From one of the field’s foremost educators, here is the classic guide to mobile communication - fully revised for the 1990s and beyond. It is unique because it shows readers how to understand the differences in applying technologies between wireline communications and wireless communications. The new second edition extensively updates the basics. It also coves traffic and capacity analysis on mobile communications networks and addresses rapidly expanding new technologies, such as digital cellular, PCS, and multiple access techniques not only including FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, and SDMA, but also applying the techniques on the virtual channels.