The Heart as a Pump


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The Heart as a Pump
The Heart as a PumpThe heart is a four-chambered pump and supplies the force that drives blood through the circulatory system. The four chambers can be broken down into two upper chambers, known as atria, and two lower chambers, known as ventricles. Check valves between the chambers ensure that the blood moves in only one direction and enables the pressure in the aorta, for example, to be much higher than the pressure in the lungs, restricting blood from flowing backward from the aorta toward the lungs.The four chambers of the heart, namely, the right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, and left ventricle, are shown in Fig. 2.3. …
Citation
Lee Waite, Ph.D., P.E.; Jerry Fine, Ph.D.: Applied Biofluid Mechanics, Second Edition. The Heart as a Pump, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2017), AccessEngineering Export