Introduction


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Introduction
IntroductionThe three most important functions of the respiratory system are gas exchange, acid-base balance, and the production of sound. The most basic activity of the respiratory system is to supply oxygen for metabolic needs and remove carbon dioxide. CO2, which is carried in the hemoglobin of our red blood cells, is exchanged in the lungs for oxygen, which is also carried in the hemoglobin. Fresh air, which we continuously inspire into the lungs, is exchanged with air that has been enriched with CO2. Increases in CO2 lead to increases in hydrogen ion concentration resulting in lower pH or more acidity. The respiratory system aids in maintaining acid-base balance by removing CO2 from the body. Phonation, or the…
Citation
Lee Waite, Ph.D., P.E.; Jerry Fine, Ph.D.: Applied Biofluid Mechanics, Second Edition. Introduction, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2017), AccessEngineering Export