Blood Types


Please sign in to view the rest of this entry.

Blood Types
Blood TypesABO blood types are genetically inherited. To understand blood types, we must first learn a few vocabulary words related to the immune system and genetics. Antibodies, or immunoglobulins, are a structurally related class of glycoproteins that are produced in response to a specific antigen. Antigens, on the other hand, are any substance that attracts antibodies. Antigens include foreign proteins, toxins, bacteria, and viruses.An allele is any alternative form of a gene that can occupy a particular chromosomal locus. A genotype is the genetic makeup of an individual; or the alleles present at one or more specific loci. A phenotype is the entire physical, biochemical, and physiological makeup of an individual (as opposed to genotype).The …
Citation
Lee Waite, Ph.D., P.E.; Jerry Fine, Ph.D.: Applied Biofluid Mechanics, Second Edition. Blood Types, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2017), AccessEngineering Export