Plasma


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Plasma
PlasmaPlasma is a transparent amber fluid and is 90% water by volume. The 10% that is not water adds some very important characteristics to the function of blood.Plasma contains inorganic substances like sodium ions, potassium ions, chloride ions, bicarbonate ions, calcium ions, and those chemicals make up about 1% of the plasma by volume. Plasma proteins make up about 7% of plasma by volume. Those proteins include albumins, globulins, and fibrinogens. In plasma there is a further ~1% by volume of nonprotein organics and also varying amounts of hormones, enzymes, vitamins, and dissolved gases.Plasma proteins are large molecules with high molecular weight that do not pass through the capillary wall. They remain in the blood vessel and establish an osmo…
Citation
Lee Waite, Ph.D., P.E.; Jerry Fine, Ph.D.: Applied Biofluid Mechanics, Second Edition. Plasma, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2017), AccessEngineering Export