Mitral and Tricuspid Valves


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Mitral and Tricuspid Valves
Mitral and Tricuspid ValvesAndreas Vesalius (1514–1564) was the Belgian anatomist who was said to have suggested "the picturesque term 'mitral' to describe the left atrioventricular valve owing to its resemblance to a plan view of the bishop's mitre" (Ho, 2002). The mitral and tricuspid valves are composed of four primary elements. These elements include the valve annulus, the valve leaflets, the papillary muscles, and the chordae tendineae. The bases of the leaflets form the annulus, which is an elliptical ring of dense collagenous tissue surrounded by muscle. The circumference of the mitral annulus is 8 to 12 cm during ventricular diastole when blood is flowing through the mitral valve from the left atrium to the left ventr…
Citation
Lee Waite, Ph.D., P.E.; Jerry Fine, Ph.D.: Applied Biofluid Mechanics, Second Edition. Mitral and Tricuspid Valves, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2017), AccessEngineering Export