Immunology


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Immunology
10113011011302ImmunologyIn the broadest sense, immunology refers to all of the defense mechanisms that the body can mobilize to fight the threat of foreign invasion. The skin and its accompanying structures are formidable obstructions to the growth of and penetration by viruses and bacteria. Sweat and other secretions tend to maintain a low pH at the epidermal surface, which discourages the propagation of many pathogens (disease-causing organisms). Natural flora, consisting of indigenous bacteria that keep each other's populations in check, are present at the surface of the skin and within many of the crevices and d…
Citation
George H. Fried; George J. Hademenos: Schaum's Outline of Biology, Fourth Edition. Immunology, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2013), AccessEngineering Export