# Curriculum Map

# Course: Circuit Analysis (DC and AC)

**Description**

This curriculum map provides a mapping of content from *Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers*, *Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering* and *Electronic Filter Design Handbook* to standard Circuit Analysis course topics. The author carefully selected relevant examples, videos, tables and figures which she felt would be valuable supplements to any standard Circuit Analysis textbook. You can easily incorporate the content into your course by using our copy link functionality to paste a direct link into your school's LMS.

**Author**

Carlotta A. Berry, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

## Course Topics

- Circuits Quantities
- Circuits Elements
- Kirchoff's Laws
- Circuit Analysis Techniques
- Phasor Analysis (Sinusoidal Steady-State)
- AC Power
- Three-Phase Circuits
- Two Ports
- Laplace Analysis
- Operational Amplifiers
- Filters

## Circuits Quantities

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

SI Units in Electrical Engineering | Text | Basic units required for circuit analysis |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

SI Base Units | Table | Table 1-1 summarizes the standard metric units for length, mass, time and current. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

SI Derived Units | Table | Table 1-3 summarizes units for frequency, force, pressure,energy, power, charge, capacitance, resistance, conductance, and inductance. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

SI Symbols in Electrical Engineering | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers | ||

SI Prefixes | Table | Table 1-6 describes standard prefixes for expressing powers of 10 such as micro, milli, mega and kilo. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Standard Symbols for Quantities | Table | Table 1-10 provides the symbols for standard electrical quantities such as frequency, area, volume, length, and velocity. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Standard Symbols for Units | Table | Table 1-11 summarizes standard electrical units such as ampete, bel, coulomb, decibel, giga, henry and ohm. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Phasor Quantities | Table | This table summarizes quantities for complex numbers which are helpful for phasor analysis. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Numerical Values | Table | Table 1-13 summarizes constants to help with circuits calculations such as pi, e, log, and powers |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Conversion Factors | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers | ||

Length | Table | Table 1-15 summarizes how to find length conversions between meters, feet, yards, kilometrs, etc. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Length Conversions - Table 1-15: Video 1 | Video | This video will describe using Table 1-15 to perform length conversions such as meters to inches. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Length Conversions - Table 1-15: Video 2 | Video | This video demonstrates how to use Table 1-15 to perform length conversions such as millimeters to micrometers. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Area | Table | Table 1-16 summarizes how to find area conversions between swuare meters, square kilometers, acres, etc. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Volume and Capacity | Table | Table 1-17 summarizes how to perform volume conversions between cubic meter, cubic centimeter, liters, cutic feet, cubic yards, etc. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Time | Table | Table 1-19 summarizes how to make time conversions between seconds, microseconds, solar seconds and solar days. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Velocity | Table | Table 1-20 summarizes how to make velocity conversions between meter per second, kilometer per hour, inch per second, etc. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Force | Table | Table 1-22 summarizes how to perform force conversions between newton, slug-force, kilogram force, dyne, etc. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Energy | Table | Table 1-25 summarizes how to perform energy/work conversions such as joules, kiljoules, foot-pounds-force, BTU, kilowatthours, etc. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Energy Conversions - Table 1-25: Video 1 | Video | This video demonstrates how to use Table 1-25 to perform energy/work conversions such as finding energy in Joules given power and time. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Energy Conversions - Table 1-25: Video 2 |
Video | This video demonstrates how to use Table 1-25 to perform energy/work conversions such as finding energy in calories and W-h given power and time. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 1.14: Energy Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the total energy transferred to a circuit element. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Power | Table | Table 1-26 summarizes how to perform power conversions such as watts, kilowatts, BTU, kilocalories, horsepower, etc. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 1.9: Work and Power Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate the work and power required to move a mass up a plane. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Temperature | Table | Table 1-27 summarizes how to perform temperature conversions between Celsius, Farenheit and Kelvin. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

## Circuits Elements

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Resistors and Resistance |
Text | Definition of resistor and Ohm's Law | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Resistor |
Figure | Figure 2-8 provides an image of a resistor which is a circuit element that resists the flow of current. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Ohm's Law |
Figure | Figure 2-9 shows and example of how to use Ohm's Law to find current given a voltage. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 2.21: Voltage Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the voltage across a circuit element given the current waveform. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Phase of Resistor |
Figure | Figure 2-10 shows that the phase of a resistor which indicates that the current and voltage are in phase. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Inductors and Inductance |
Text | Definition of inductor and inductance. These equations provide the relationship between voltage, current and energy for an inductor. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Inductor |
Figure | Figure 2-11 provides an image of an inductor which is a circuit element that stores electromagnetic energy in its magnetic field. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 6.32: Voltage and Current for an Inductor | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the current through and energy for an inductor given the current waveform. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Inductor Model |
Figure | Figure 2-12 provides an image of an inductor which is a circuit element that stores electromagnetic energy in its magnetic field. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Phase of Inductor |
Figure | Figure 2-13 shows that the phase of an inductor which indicates that the voltage is out of phase with the current. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Mutual Inductance |
Figure | Figure 2-14 shows the mutual inductance model which illustates that when two coils are coiled around the same form with a changing current, a voltage is induced from the primary to secondary coil. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Mutual Inductance Equation |
Text | These equations illustrate that based upon the dot convention there is a voltage relationship for each coil based upon the self and mutual inductance. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Capacitors and Capacitance | Text | Definition of a capacitor. These equations describe the current, voltage and energy relationships for a capacitor. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Capacitor |
Figure | Figure 2-15 shows an image of a capacitor which is a circuit element which is used to store electric energy. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Capacitor model |
Figure | Figure 2-16 shows the capacitor symbol and the relationship between voltage and current. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Phase of capacitor |
Figure | Figure 2-17: this graph shows the phase of a capacitor and indicates that the current and voltage are out of phase. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Electrical Devices and Sources | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers | ||

Electrical Devices, Voltage and Current Sources |
Figure | Figure 2-18 shows a circuit element with the voltage and current drawn such that it obeys the passive sign convention. The ideal DC voltage source is a device with the same potential difference for all currents through it. The ideal DC current source is a device which produces the same current for all voltages across it. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

DC Source | Figure | Figure 2-23 shows the circuit symbol for a DC source such as a battery with a value of 1VDC. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

AC Source | Figure | Figure 2-24 shows the circuit symbol for an AC source with a value of 1VAC. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Controlled Sources: Figure 1 |
Figure | Figure 2-25 shows the Pspice symbols for the four types of dependent sources: voltage controlled and current-controlled voltage and current sources. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Controlled Sources: Figure 2 |
Figure | Figure 2-26 shows circuit symbols for the four types of dependent sources: voltage controlled and current-controlled voltage and current sources. | Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Power Definition | Text | This text describes the power definition and formulas for finding the power for a circuit element including resistors. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

I2R Loss for a DC System |
Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate I2R loss for a DC system. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Voltage Drop for a DC System | Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate voltage drop in a DC system. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Conductor Size for a DC System | Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate a conductor size for a certain voltage drop for a DC system. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

## Kirchoff's Laws

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Kirchhoff's Current Law (KCL) |
Text | Definition of Kirchoff's Current Law which states that the sum of the currents into and out of a node is zero. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

KCL Example | Figure | Figure 2-21 shows a simple circuit built in Pspice with mesh currents and each of the branch circuits labeled to confirm KCL at each node. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 2.24: KCL Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to use KCL to find the voltage and current for a circuit with a dependent source. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 3.15: Current Division Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to use current division to find the source current in a circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (KVL) | Text | Definition of Kirchoff's Voltage Law which states that the sum of the voltages around a loop is zero. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

KVL Example | Figure | Figure 2-22 shows a circuit built in Pspice with each of the node voltages labeled in order to confirm KVL at each mesh. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 2.23: KVL Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to use KVL to find the voltage and current for a circuit with a dependent source. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 3.14: Voltage Division Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to use voltage division to find the voltage across elements in a circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Solved Problems | Examples | Problems and solutions on circuit laws | Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

## Circuit Analysis Techniques

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Circuits Reduction Techniques |
Text | Methods to reduce circuits. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Series |
Text | Defines a series connection of circuit elements is where exactly two elements meet at a node. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Series-Connected Elements and Equivalents |
Figure | Figure 2-27: (a) shows equivalent resistance for resistors in series sum. (b) shows that the equivalent capacitor of capacitors in series is the product over the sum of the individual capacitances. (c-d) shows that the equivalent inductance of series mutual inductors sums but may have a positive or negative equivalent mutual inductance based upon the dot convention. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Parallel |
Text | Defines the parallel connection of circuit elements is where circuit elements share a single node pair. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Parallel-Connected Elements and Equivalents |
Figure | Figure 2-28: (a) shows that the equivalent resistance for resistors in series is the product over the sum of the individual resistances. (b) shows that the equivalent capacitance of capacitors in parallel is the sum of the individual capacitances. (c-d) shows that the equivalent inductance of inductors in parallel with their mutual inductances. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Wye-Delta Connections |
Text | Defintion of Wye and Delta Interconnections |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Wye-Delta connected elements |
Figure | Figure 2-29 shows the Wye-Delta connections as well as the equations to convert between the two networks. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Thevenin-Norton Theorem |
Text | Describes the Thevenin and Norton equivalent of an electric circuit. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Thevenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits |
Figure | Figure 2-30 shows the Thevenin and Norton equivalent of an electric circuit. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Thevenin and Norton Equivalent Example |
Figure | Figure 2-31 shows an example of finding the Thevenin and Norton equivalent of a circuit with a dependent source. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Thevenin and Norton Equivalents: Video 1 |
Video | This video demonstrates how to find the Thevenin and Norton equivalent of a circuit with independent sources. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Thevenin and Norton Equivalents: Video 2 |
Video | This video demonstrates how to find the Thevenin and Norton equivalent of a circuit with dependent sources. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 4.33: Thevenin and Norton Equivalent | Video | This video demonstrates how to use the node-voltage method to find the Thevenin and Norton equivalent for a DC circuit and to select a load resistor for maximum power transfer. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Nodal and Loop Analysis | Text | Description of nodal and loop analysis. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Nodal Analysis | Text | Describes the process of using a systematic application of KCL or nodal analysis to find the node-voltages in a circuit. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Nodal Analysis | Figure | Figure 2-33 shows an example of how to use KCL to find the node voltages in an electric circuit. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Loop Analysis | Text | Describes the process of using a systematic application of KVL or loop analysis to solve for the mesh currents in a circuit. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Loop Analysis | Figure | Figure 2-35 shows the PSPice results for finding the node voltages and branch currents in an electric circuit. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 4.17/4.18: Mesh Current Method Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to use the mesh current method to find unknown currents in a circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 4.47: Superposition Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to use superposition to find unknown voltages in a circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Solved Problems | Example | Problems and solutions on analysis methods. | Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

First Order Circuits | Text | Explains how to find the response of first-order circuits. | Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 7.27: Transient response of an RC circuit | Video | This video shows how to find the voltage across a resistor in an RC circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 7.30: Transient response of an RL circuit | Video | This video shows how to find the voltage across a resistor in an RL cicuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Solved Problems | Example | Problems and solutions on first order circuits. | Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Second Order Circuits | Text | Presents several examples of second-order circuits. | Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 8.27: RLC Circuit example | Video | This video shows how to find the current in a a RLC circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Supplementary Problem 2.58: RLC Circuit Example | Video | This video illustrates how to derive the differential equation for a series RLC circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Signals and Systems |

## Phasor Analysis (Sinusoidal Steady-State)

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Definition of a Phasor |
Text | Definition of a phasor which will be used to perform complex math on sinusoidal steady-state analysis. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Impedance of Passive Circuit Elements | Text | Describes the impedance, admittance, reactance and susceptance for the three passive circuit elements: resistors, inductors, capacitors. These are used to describe the relationship between voltage and current in phasor analysis. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Sinusoidal steady-state analysis | Figure | Figure 2-33 shows an example of how to use KCL to find the node voltages in an electric circuit. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Phasor Analysis Example 1 | Video | This video demonstrates how to use phasor analysis and KCL to analyze a circuit to find voltages and currents in the sinusoidal steady state. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Phasor Analysis Example 2 | Video | This video demonstrates how to use phasor analysis and KVL to analyze a circuit to find voltages and currents in the sinusoidal steady state. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 6.29: Average and Effective Values | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the average and effective values for periodic waveforms. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 8.34: Transfer Function Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the transfer function for a network. The transfer function will be used to construct the pole-zero plot and also find the output voltage. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 9.42: Impedance Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the impedance in a parallel circuit given the phasor voltage and current. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 9.59: Sinusoidal-Steady State Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the sinusoidal steady-state voltage a current for an electric circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Solved Problems | Example | Problems and solutions on sinusoidal steady-state circuit analysis. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

## AC Power

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Effective Power |
Text | Describes the average and effective power for a resistor in an electric circuit. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 10.51: Average Power Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to analyze a circuit to find the average power for each circuit element. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Instantaneous Power | Text | Describes the instantaneous power for an electric circuit element. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Complex Power | Text | Describes the complex power for an electric circuit element. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 10.29: Complex Power Example | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the power triangle and complex power for a parallel circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

AC Power: Example 1 | This video demonstrates how to use phasor analysis to solve for average and reactive power in a circuit and confirm that the circuit obeys the law of conservation of energy. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers | |

AC Power: Example 2 | Video |
This video demonstrates how to use phasor analysis to solve for maximum power transfer in a circuit. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Voltage Drop for an AC System | Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate voltage drop and voltage regulation in an AC system. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

I2R loss for an AC System | Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate the I^{2}R loss and efficiency for an AC system. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

## Three-Phase Circuits

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Balanced 3-Phase Power |
Text | This text describes three phase sources as well as the circuit symbol for Wye and Delta Connections. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

3-Phase Source Connections: Delta and Wye Connections | Figure | Figure 2-37: (a) shows a delta connected 3 phase source and (b) shows a wye connected 3 phase source. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Average Power | Text | This section describes the average power for a balanced 3 phase source to a balanced load. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 11.41: Polyphase Circuits Example 1 | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the average power, reactive power, apparent power and power factor for a three-phase circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Problem 11.42: Polyphase Circuits Example 2 | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the line current and power for a balanced delta-connected load. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

3-Phase System | Figure | Figure 2-38 shows the image of a 3-phase system. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Unbalanced 3-Phase Power | Text | Definition of unbalanced 3-phase power. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Balanced AC System with Y-Connected Load | Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate voltage drop and voltage regulation in a balanced AC system with a Y-connected load. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Balanced AC System with Delta-Connected Load | Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate voltage drop and voltage regulation in a balanced AC system with a Delta-connected load. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Unbalanced AC System with Y-Connected Load | Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate power characteristics in an unbalanced AC system with a Y-connected load. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Unbalanced AC System with Delta-Connected Load | Video | This video demonstrates how to calculate power characteristics in an unbalanced AC system with a Delta-connected load. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

## Two Ports

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Two Ports |
Text | Describes an electric circuit with two ports, one for the source and one for the load. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Two Port Model | Figure | Figure 2-39 provides an image of a two-port model with voltage and current definitions. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Two Port Conversions | Table | Table 2-1 provides a summary of all of the two-port parameter conversions. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Transmission Lines | Figure | Figure 2-40 provides an example of two-port analysis with transmission lines to find the h parameters. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

## Laplace Analysis

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Laplace Transform |
Text | This section describes the standard equation used to define a Laplace transform. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Laplace Transforms | Table | Table 2-2 describes the standard Laplace Transform Theorems. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Laplace Transform Pairs | Table | Table 2-3 describes the most frequently used Laplace Transform Pairs. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 3.43: Laplace Transforms | Video | This video illustrates how to find the Laplace transform of a signal. |
Schaum's Outline of Signals and Systems |

Problem 3.49: Inverse Laplace Transforms | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the inverse Laplace transform of a signal. |
Schaum's Outline of Signals and Systems |

Laplace Transform Circuit Analysis | Figure | Figure 2-41 shows an example of Laplace transform circuit analaysis on a circuit with nonzero initial conditions. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Laplace Analysis: Example 1 | Video | This video demonstrates how to use Laplace transforms to analyze a circuit with a switch to find the transient and DC steady-state voltages and currents. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Laplace Analysis: Example 2 | Video | This video demonstrates how to use Laplace transforms to analyze a circuit to find the transient and sinusoidal steady-state reponse. |
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers |

Problem 4.49: Laplace Transforms | Video | This video demonstrates using Laplace transforms to find the forced response of a differential equation. |
Schaum's Outline of Feedback and Control Systems |

Problem 6.44: Transfer Function Example 1 | Video | This video shows how to find the transfer function of an RC Circuit. |
Schaum's Outline of Feedback and Control Systems |

Problem 4.44/4.45: Initial and Final Value Theorems | Video | This video shows how to find the initial and final values of a function, f(t). |
Schaum's Outline of Feedback and Control Systems |

## Operational Amplifiers

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Inverting Amplifier |
Figure | Figure 11.4.6 shows an example of an inverting amplifier with two resistors. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Integrating Amplifier | Figure | Figure 11.4.7 shows an example of an integrating amplifier with a capacitor in the feedback loop. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Differentiating Amplifier | Figure | Figure 11.4.8 shows an example of a differentiating amplifier with an input capacitor. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Low Noise Op-Amp Design | Figure | Figure 11.4.17 demonstrates the use of bias to reduce the noise from sources in an operational amplifier design. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Nonideal Operational Amplifiers | Video | This video demonstrates how to find the output of a non-ideal operational amplifier with DC offset voltage and currents. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

Slew-Rate Limiting on Operational Amplifiers | Video | This video demonstrates how to determine the frequency of the input signal to an op amp given the maximum slew rate. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

The Instrumentation Amplifier | Video | This video demonstrates how to derive the transfer function for an instrumentation amplifier and design it for a specified gain. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

Half-Wave Precision Rectifier | Video | This video demonstrates how to analyze a half-wave precision rectifier to find the transfer function characteristics. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

Full-Wave Precision Rectifier | Video | This video demonstrates how to analyze a full-wave precision rectifier to find the transfer function characteristics. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

The Integrator | Video | This video demonstrates how to design an integrator circuit to have certain input and output characteristics. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

The Differentiator | Video | This video demonstrates how to design a differentiator circuit to have certain input and output characteristics. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

Basic Comparator and Window Comparator | Video | This video demonstrates how to design a comparator to produce a square wave between a given high and low reference voltage. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

Converters | Video | This video demonstrates how to design current to voltage and voltage to current converters to have a specific output. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

Phase Shift Oscillators | Video | This video demonstrates how to design a phase shift oscillator to produce a sine wave with a certain frequency. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

The Wien Bridge Oscillator | Video | This video demonstrates how to design a Wien Bridge Oscillator to exhibit certain characteristics. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

Square Wave Relaxation Oscillator | Video | This video demonstrates how to design a square wave relaxation oscillator to produce a square wave with certain characteristics. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

Triangular Wave Relaxation Oscillator | Video | This video demonstrates how to design a triangular wave relaxation oscillator to produce a triangular wave with certain characteristics. |
Analog Filter and Circuit Design Handbook |

Op Amp Design Example 1 | Video | This video demonstrates the design of an op amp circuit to satisfy certain output requirements. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

Op Amp Design Example 2 | Video | This video demonstrates how to design an op amp to satisfy a given input-output characteristic and input resistance. |
Schaum's Outline of Electric Circuits |

## Filters

Relevant Material | Type | Description | Source |
---|---|---|---|

Scaling Components on Prototype Filters |
Video | This video demonstrates scaling the component values on a prototype filter. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Frequency and Impedance Scaling |
Example | Example 2-1 describes how to scale a low pass third order Butterworth filter. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Scaling Cut Off frequency on Prototype Filters | Video | This video demonstrates scaling the cutoff frequency on a prototype filter. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Problem 5.75: RC Filters | Video | This video demonstrates how to use Fourier transforms to find the frequency response, H(w) and the type of filter. |
Schaum's Outline of Signals and Systems |

Low Pass Filters | Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition | ||

Low Pass Butterworth Filter Design: Example 1 | Video |
This video demonstrates how to derive a low pass Butterworth filter by using the explicit formulas. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Low Pass Butterworth Filter Design: Example 2 | Video |
This video demonstrates how to derive a low pass Butterworth filter by using a table of values. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Low Pass Bessel Filter Design: Example 1 | Video |
This video illustrates the design of a time delay network by using a Bessel approximation. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Low Pass Bessel Filter Design: Example 2 | Video |
This video illustrates the design of a time delay network by using a Bessel approximation. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Normalize and Design a Low Pass Filter | Example | Example 2-3 describes how to normalize the specification for a low pas filter given the cutoff frequency at 1 dB. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Normalize and Design a Low Pass Filter | Example |
Example 2-2 describes how to normalize the specification for a low pas filter given the cutoff frequency at 3 dB. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of an LC Low-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 3-1 describes the design of an LC low-pass filter given the cutoff frequency, minimum attenuation and resistor values. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of an LC Low-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 3-4 describes the design of a passive low pass filter with a different source and load resistance. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of an Active Low-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 3-8 describes the design of an active low-pass filter given the cutoff frequency and minimum attenuation. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of an Active Low-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 3-9 describes the design of an active low-pass Butterworth filter given the cutoff frequency and minimum attenuation with a separate real pole section. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of an Active Low-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 3-10 describes the design of an active low-pass Butterworth filter given the gain in dB. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of an Active Bessel Low-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 3-11 describes the design of an active low-pass Bessel filter given the gain in dB. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of a Chebyshev Low-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 2-20 describes the design of a low pass Chebyshev filter and to calculate the pole locations and frequency response. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of a Chebyshev Low-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 3-12 describes the design of an active low-pass Chebyshev filter with uniform capacitor values. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of a Butterwoth Low-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 2-19 describes how to design a low pass Butterworth filter and calculate the frequency response and pole locations. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

High Pass Filters | Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition | ||

High Pass Chebyshev Filter Design: Example 1 | Video | This video illustrates the design of a high pass Chebyshev filter using a table of values. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Normalize a High-Pass Specification | Example | Example 2-4 describes how to normalize a high-pass filter given the cutoff frequency |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of an Active High-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 4-4 demonstrates the design of an active high-pass filter given the cutoff frequency and minimum attenuation. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of a Passive High-Pass Filter | Example |
Example 4-1 describes the design of a passive high-pass filter from a normalized low pass filter given the cutoff freqeucny, minimum attentuation and resistor values. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

High Pass Chebyshev Filter Design: Example 2 | Video | This video illustrates the design of a high pass Chebyshev filter using the explicit formulas. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Bandpass Filter | Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition | ||

Bandpass Chebyshev Filter | Video | This video illustrates the design of a bandpass filter by using a Chebyshev approximation. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Normalize and Design a Wideband Bandpass Filter | Example | Example 2-5 describes how to design a bandpass filter given the cutoff frequency and a minimum attenuation at a certain frequency. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Normalize and Design a Bandpass Filter | Example |
Example 2-6 describes how to design a bandpass filter given the center frequency and attenuation at a given frequencies. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Determine Bandpass Filter Bandwidths | Example |
Example 2-7 explains how to determine the bandwidth of a bandpass filter. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of a Passive Bandpass Filter | Example |
Example 5-2 describes the design of a passive bandpass filter given the center frequency, cutoff frequencies and resistor values. | Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of a Wideband Bandpass Filter | Example | Example 5-1 describes the design of a wideband passive bandpass filter given the cutoff frequencies, minimum attenuation and resistor values. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of a Wideband Bandpass Filter | Example |
Example 5-10 describes the design of an active wideband bandpass filter given the minimum and maximum attenuation and gain. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design a Nonsymmetrical Bandpass Filter |
Example | Example 2-8 describes how to normalize a bandpass filter requirement given minimum attenuations and passband limits. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Bandpass Butterworth Filter | Video | This video illustrates the design of a bandpass filter by using a Butterworth approximation. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Band-Reject Filters | Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition | ||

Band-Elimination Butterworth Filter | Video | This video illustrates the design of a band-elimination filter by using a Butterworth approximation. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Band-Elimination Chebyshev Filter | Video | This video illustrates the design of a band-elimination filter by using a Chebyshev approximation. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Design and Normalize a Narrowband Band-Reject Filter |
Example |
Example 2-10 describes the design of a narrowband bandreject filter with a given center frequency and cutoff frequencies. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design and Normalize a Wideband Band-Reject Filter | Example |
Example 2-9 describes the design of a wideband bandreject filter given the cutoff frequencies and miinimum attenauation. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of a Passive Band-Reject Filter | Example |
Example 6-1 describes how to design a passive band-reject filter given the center frequency and cutoff frequencies. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Band-Reject Filter Characteristics | Example |
Example 6-2 describes how to find the maximum rejection as a function of the Q. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of an Active Wideband Band-Reject Filter | Example | Example 6-6 describes the design of a wideband band-reject filter given the cutoff frequencies and attenuation. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design of an Active Band-Reject Filter | Example |
Example 6-8 describes the design of an active band-reject filter given a certain gain. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Design a Twin-T Band-Reject Filter | Example |
Example 6-9 describes the design of twin-t band-reject filter with a given center frequency and bandwidth. |
Electronic Filter Design Handbook, Fourth Edition |

Attenuators | Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering | ||

Attenuator PI Network Design | Video | This video illustrates the design of an attenuator by using a PI and T network. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |

Attenuator Bridged-T Network Design | Video | This video illustrates the design of an attenuator by using a bridged-T network. |
Standard Handbook of Electronic Engineering |